Around 15% of people are allergic to animal skin and excretions. Particularly young people suffer from this allergy. The first signs of allergy usually appear in about a month since the animal’s arrival at home.
Manifestations of allergy often are clearly visible – as soon as the animal gets in the lap or lies down next to the human, the sneezing and watery eyes appear. The second option – the animal licks the hand, and the allergic urticaria – sudden itching and rushes – appears on that place. In rare cases, the atopic dermatitis is found. Signs of atopic dermatitis are red, itchy, long lasting patches and rough, itchy skin.
It should be taken into account that such reactions may appear without direct contact with animals, as people can carry animal’s hair with their clothes, including caked saliva, sweat, and skin particles. Rural children are less affected, as they come in contact with animals quite often. Their immunity is more stable from the early age.
The believe that shorthair dogs are less allergenic because they molt less is wrong. Several dog breeds, for example, pugs, boxers, and Dalmatians change their hair almost year round. Also golden retrievers change their beautiful, curly wool quite intensively. There are not a lot of cat breeds with really long wool. Allergic people should be wary of the Persian cats, but for sensitive people also the British Shorthair can cause problems. The believe that bald animals do not cause allergies is mistaken as well – even Chinese Crested, Mexican Hairless, Don, and Canadian Sphinx can cause allergy.
In case of allergy:
- When there are minor allergic reactions to animal fur, it is not recommended to buy an animal. If you already have one, try to prevent contact with the allergen;
- For allergic children it is not advisable to stay near the wildlife corner in kindergarten;
- It is not recommended to go to the circus performances, as there are a lot of different animals in a closed room;
- If you are allergic to horse hair, in no case stay in the stable;
- When going to visit people who have a pet, take the necessary medicine;
- One of the possibilities to reduce the allergy is to comb and wash the animal more frequently.
How to reduce allergies to animals?
- Do not allow the animal to stay in the living room or in the bedroom;
- Regularly clean the house with a vacuum cleaner and wash the floor as well as use good air purifiers;
- Wash your pet at least once a week and comb it daily;
- Do not allow the animal to freely move through the car – use the transport box;
- Wash your hands after contact with animals and their toys;
- Visit some allergist and discuss about possible therapy.